H.Oppenheim, 100 years ago was the first to use the word “ Dystonia”…what does the word Dystonia means? Dr Marion will take you back 100 years ago…
Dystonia is a neurological condition, characterized by involuntary sustained pulling of the muscles in one part of the body (focal dystonia, mainly in adult) or spread in the all body (generalized dystonia, mainly in children) and associated with abnormal postures.
The word “Dystonia” is composed of Dys (meaning abnormal) and Tonia ( meaning the tone ) . The tone represents how flexible or stiff is a part of the body. Oppenheim coined the word “Dystonia” in 1911 to describe an abnormal muscle tone, different from what was observed following stroke (spasticity). Oppenheim described children, from Ashkenazi Jewish descent, affected with generalized dystonia and called this condition “ Dystonia musculorum deformans”. In 1989, Laurie Ozelius established that a gene (called DYT1) on chromosome 9 was responsible of the ‘Oppenheim dystonia”.